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Causes of Melasma and How to Treat It

Posted By: Lic. Silvia Derasner | March 27th, 2017 | Blog

causes of melasma

Melasma is a skin condition that typically appears on the upper lip, chin, cheeks, and forehead as darker patches of skin. This is the only symptom, but it can cause women a lot of distress about how they look. It is most common in women with a brownish skin complexion who live in sunny environments or who are premenopausal, but it could happen to anyone. Thankfully, there are Melasma treatments that can help to repair the skin and return the patches to their original colour. Here are some useful things to know about Melasma and how it can be treated.

What Causes Melasma?

Melasma can make women feel self-conscious, although it does not cause any physical harm or pain. The most common Melasma signs and symptoms are related to sun exposure, hormonal changes, and cosmetics, although the exact causes of Melasma are sometimes unclear. However, when Melasma is exposed to the sun or sun-like sources such as IPL (Intense Pulse Light), the Melasma patches get darker.

Sun Exposure

One of the primary triggers of Melasma is sun exposure because the ultraviolet rays affect the cells that control pigment. Wearing proper sunscreen every time skin is exposed to natural light is a good way to prevent Melasma and other skin conditions associated with sun damage.

A Change in Hormones

Oral contraceptive pills that contain the hormones estrogen and progesterone can cause Melasma. Hormone therapy or replacement, intrauterine devices, and implants are also factors that may lead to Melasma. The most common cause of Melasma is pregnancy, hence Melasma is colloquially known as the Pregnancy Mask.


Certain cosmetics, toiletries, scented or deodorant soaps, and medications may cause a phototoxic reaction that activates Melasma.

Treatment for Melasma

One of the most effective ways to treat Melasma is with Laser Spectra Peel and Laser Toning treatment. By applying moderate to low heat, patients can experience long-term results from deep within the dermis to the surface and an evened skin tone. The comfortable treatment has virtually no downtime and is safe for most skin types. Although there is no quick fix to treating Melasma, work can be done to restore the skin to its beautiful, radiant, balanced complexion. The Spectra Peel treatment comes in two procedures that alternate weekly for up to six weeks if needed. The first procedure, Laser Spectra Peel, takes two hours, and the second procedure, called laser toning, takes about an hour. They reduce the Melasma with specialized laser energy to gently break up the dense pigmentation on the skin’s surface while also working deep into the dermis to achieve long-term results. Then, as the skin heals, the body does its natural removal process to excrete the melanin lymphatically with no harmful effects.

Get Melasma Treatment at The Anti Aging Toronto Clinic

If you are looking for Melasma treatment in Toronto, The Anti Aging Toronto Clinic has the solution for you. We are proud to offer our clients the best and latest clinical methods to treat various skin conditions, including Melasma. The Spectra Peel treatment is one of our effective skincare treatments that we are pleased to provide. We support our patients as they make informed decisions about their skin care, and we strive to always provide the best skin rejuvenation treatments in Toronto. To learn more, contact us by phone at 416.546.4664 or by e-mail at info@AntiAgingToronto.ca. Our skincare specialists can also offer you a tour of our Toronto facilities.

With an MBA in computer science, Silvia started out in the IT field with proven success working on strategic initiatives with executive leaders to align an organization’s culture, capabilities, and structure, with business strategies. This career has lead her to a business path founding the Anti Aging Toronto Clinic in 2012. Silvia now holds a diploma in medical esthetics with interests in anti-aging skincare, evening out skin tone and texture, scalp hair regrowth, body contouring and laser hair removal treatments. Silvia believes in the importance of building open, trusting relationships with her clients and prides herself on excellent customer service. Whether it’s developing the business or awarding her clients with significant results, Silvia is committed to offering only the best. Silvia is the finance director and a medical esthetician at Anti Aging Toronto Clinic. She is fluent in both English and Spanish.

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